2014 year, issue 1

1-2014

Makarchuk Stepan. On ukrainization of Orthodox church in socio-political life of Volhynia: some problems of 1920s. P. 3-9

In the article have been considered some problems as for joining of Volhynian Orthodox parishes to a nascent process of movement for revival of Ukrainian autocephalous Orthodox church (since November 1917), mass movement of Orthodox flock for introduction of Ukrainian language into liturgy, expansion of Prosvita net in towns and villages of the country and activities of Ukrainian co-operative institutions.
Keywords: Vasyl Lypkivsky, Dyonisii, Arsen Richynsky, all-Ukrainian Orthodox Counsil, Orthodoxy in Poland, Lutsk all-Volhynian Congress, Church Congresses in Volodymyr and Berestya.

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Olinkevych Volodymyr. Influence of «instrumental mind» on the development of creative person in urban context. P. 10-17

The article has presented an attempt of descriptive analytic studies in the influence of phenomenon of «instrumental mind» upon creative activity. The meanings of urban space as ontological components in this regard have been exposed.
Keywords: city, homo urbicus, reflection, «instrumental reason» (instrumentellen Vernunft), formalized reason, calculation, rational, irrational.

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Tarnavsky Roman. Lviv Universitarian Institute of Anthropology and Ethnology as the basis of Jan Czekanowski’s scientific school. P. 18-28

The article has dealt with Jan Czekanowski’s Lviv anthropological school that was formed and headed by eminent scientist in the interwar period, mainly on the basis of staff employees’ team of Institute for Anthropology and Ethnology of Lviv University. Exposition and evaluation of scientific achievements by a large group of gifted researchers have been presented against the background of 1920s—1930s epoch.
Keywords: anthropology, Institute of Anthropology and Ethnology, Lviv University, scientific school, race, anthropological type, craniometry.

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Holyk Roman. Between emancipation and popular tradition: women, stereotypes and everyday life in the columns of Lviv periodicals of 1920—1930s. P. 29-37

In the article have been considered some problems as for contents and publishing design of Nova Khata (New House) Lviv periodical issued through 1925 to 1939. Its publications have been analyzed in the context of feminist movement as well as of the everyday private life-styles of mentioned period as reflection of interrelations between ideological motives and Ukrainian popular culture in Galicia of interwar period.
Keywords: Nova Khata, women’s press, feminism, everyday life, stereotype, history, ethnology, culture.

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Hilevych Ihor. On field exploration f Russian and Belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s. P. 38-47

In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
Keywords: ethnology, etnical linguistics, Ukrainian Polisia, field explorations, methods, themes.

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Denys (Khanas) Iryna. On the choice of a newborn baby’s first name after folklore beliefs, consuetudes and traditions of Opilia. P. 48-60

In the article has been considered a problem as for the choice of Christian (first) name for a newborn baby after folklore beliefs, consuetudes and traditions spread along the territory of Opilia, as also among ancient Slavs peoples and in the whole Ukraine.
Keywords: Ukrainian traditions of naming a child, personal name, motives of the name, Opilia.

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Vojtovych Nadiya. People’s means of defence against harmful acts of evil deceased (after field materials from Boiko territories). P. 61-66

Some peculiarities of Boiko people’s imagination about so-called evil deceased have been studied in the article; magical and ritual means of counteraction and protection against evil influences have been analyzed on the basis of field data and ethnological literature.
Keywords: evil deceased, people’s demonology, demonological imagination, guard, Boikos.

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Bilakovsky Petro. «If you`re going to marry while it rains hard…»: the means of providing good weather in Carpathian ukrainians’ meteorologic magic. P. 67-73

The paper deals with a problem of ritual acts performed with the aim to put an end to protracted bad weather. Owing to analytic studies in field ethnographic data gathered during expeditions the author has determined some general thematic complexes of rites as well as beliefs lain in the essence of ones.
Keywords: wedding, weather, invitation, cat, dog.

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Hryvul Taras. Lev Zatsny`s role in the development of OUN underground network along the Western Ukraine (1940, April to August). P. 74-79

In the article have been considered several general activities by Lev Zatsny, one of leading members of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists on the post of organizational referee (vice-chief) in Land Headquarters of OUN; some directions in preparation of rebellion against the Soviet rule in 1940 have been found and exposed.
Keywords: Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists, Organizational Reference, insurrection, the underground network, Land Headquarters, Western region of Ukraine.

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Kotsan Vasyl. On traditional folk clothes by ethnographic groups of Transcarpathian ukrainians as displays of their identities (XIX — first half XX cc.). P. 80-97

The article has brought some results of research-work on some features of traditional folk dress by Ukrainians of Transcarpathian region during ХІХ and first half ХХ cc. On the ground of field records, archival and literary sources, as well as of museum collections an analytic evaluation of the present-day solution of problem in historiography has been presented with tracing of ethnographic borderlines and ethnical identifying features in folk dress by Hutzuls of Rakhiv country, Transcarpathian Dolinians, all-Carpathian Ukrainian especial and peculiar lines in the clothing of Bojkos and Lemkos of Transcarpathian region. The role of borrowings from foreign — Slovak, Hungarian and Romanian neighbours and ones’ influence on formation and development of Ukrainian folk clothing along corresponding ethnical borders have also been exposed. The impact of ethnical, socio-economic, ecological and other factors on regional features of folk clothing has been defined.
Keywords: folk clothes, ethnic identifying features, ethnographic lines, material and technique of making, forms of decoration, constituents of woman and masculine complete sets of folk clothes.

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Antoniv Petro. On people’s wedding feast at the village of Oslavytsya in Lemko land. P. 98-102

A traditional Lemko wedding feast has been thoroughly presented in the article written accordingly to oral narrations by persons of Oslavytsya origin: time and duration of a wedding party and its all subsequent stages, acting persons as well as their roles, functions and duties, ornamentations of a rooms, cast of musical band; examples of sung refrains have been added.
Keywords: courting, weaving of a chaplet, bridal ceremony, bride-cake, bridegroom, bride.

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Samotis Yaryna. On traditional Easter rites of Bukovina Huzuls (after materials of ethnographic expeditions). P. 103-113

In the article have been presented and studied some peculiarities of traditional Easter rites by Ukrainian mountaineers, Bukovina Hutzuls in particular. The study has been based upon the author’s field ethnographic materials with especial exposition of tradition and rites sporadically met as for now along the mentioned territory and still being of great importance for bea¬rers of the ancient folk culture.
Keywords: ethnology, Bukovina, Hutzul land, Carpathian region, Easter, tradition, ceremony, rite(s), custom(s).

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Popovych Yaroslava. On some methods in popularization of Zhovkva cultural heritage. P. 114-122

In the article have been studied and described several survived monuments of sacral wooden architecture in Rava-Ruska region as well as history of environment. Proposals have been forwarded as for some methods of recreation, particularly in tourism sector, that during recent years got active development due to the large number of tourists from Ukraine and from abroad.
Keywords: heritage, church, parish, craft, history, icon, nation building, values, tourism, conservation, culture, promotion and tradition, life.

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Taras Yaroslav. On stone head-gears of chimneys in Moldovan houses (after materials of field studies in 1970s and 1980s). P. 123-129

In the article have been considered several types of chimney head-gears with corresponding architectural, constructive and decorative solutions in design; groups and sub-groups of objects have also been classified. Mentioned materials have exhaustingly been illustrated with added graphical part.
Keywords: Moldova, chimney, roof, décor.

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Molyn Valentyna. On Kolomyian exibition of home crafts (a look across past century). P. 130-136

In the article has been presented various data as for exhibition of home crafts, that took part in Kolomyia at 1912. This exhibition had been quite important event in socio-cultural life of Galicia. Catalogue and photographic illustrative materials of exhibited artifacts as well as numerous exhibits shown then to publicity still have been carefully kept in the treasuries of Kobrynsky National Museum of Hutzul and Pokutian Folk Art in Kolomyia.
Keywords: Galicia, Hutzul land, Pokutia, Kolomyia, exhibition of folk crafts, craftsmen, works of art.

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Chudiyovych Ihor. Hodge-podge on beardom. P. 137-166

Presented materials have enabled acquaintance with a unique source documenting the history of forestry in Boiko land. Publication is preceded with the study on shelter for wild animals founded in the village of Pidhorodsi, Skole county by K.S. Petrusky, great landlord in this massive of Ukrainian Carpathians. As main carrier of data on hunting of the 2nd half XIX c. in the study has been presented Rev. Mykhailo Revakovych, author of Stories about the Bears and two notebook scripts of his Reminiscences. These materials have contained informative facts on traditional means of farming and hunting along the mentioned areas as well as notions quite valuable for ethnographic studies.
Keywords: hunting, shooting, wild fauna, bears, forest, fo¬restry, Rev.M.Revakovych.

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Stepan Pavluk. He offered own life to make Christ’s Church united. P. 167-170
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Iryna Koval-Fuchylo. On funerals in Slobidska Ukraine. P. 171-172
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Mykola Mushynka. Megalomania, naivety or provocation?. P. 173-183
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Our authors
Wax candle as ukrainian Christmas and epiphany ritualistic text
For the first time in native ethnology the article has brought some results of special study in sign functionality of a wax candle under the context of Ukrainian Christmas and Epiphany ritualistic text (ritualism of Christmas Eve, New Year, Epiphany Eve and Feast of Epiphany). The study has stated extremely high semiotic position of a wax candle as projection of Sun, mediator between the spheres of sacral and prophane elements, symbolic analogue of human existence, apotropy, cultural symbol re-establishing borders of acculturated space.
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Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
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Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
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Maternity ritualism by volhynians in publications of the second half XIX to the early XXI cc.
In the article have been considered some basic landmarks for fixing and publication of ethnographic materials on the maternity rites of Volhynia with analytical study in ritual elements, their kinds and territories of origin. The article has also raised a problem of gaps in studies of maternity rites of Ukrainian historio-ethnographic Volhynia.
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