2012 year, issue 4

2012-4

Content

Pokotylo Hanna. On spiritual and creative values of the nature. P. 595-602

The broadening break between a human and nature has urged the humankind to review the life-asserting orientations of being, primarily to perceive the meaning of the nature as a condition of humanity’s survival. In humane mind the nature has got quite axiological dimensions by means of attributing itself via existentialities of such kind as Home, Field, Temple presenting the mental level and forming the modi of human existence in the world as well as the symbols of internal ethos. The Ukrainian ethnos has always had a characteristic attitude to the land as to sacred object. Here one might find the bases for corresponding to the environment and socially approved methods of agricultural, industrial and artistic activities. But now, under conditions of cynical practicality in progress there is the destruction of ecosystems — a process aiming to destruct the spirituality of aboriginal ethnical groups that have been left under the threat of loss their identities. So the imperative alarming claim is to save the nature and life on earth from destruction by usage the practical moral efforts of earthmen and magical power of art. The beauty is a kind of examination as for human qualities and naturalness of being.
Keywords: nature, land, native land, «home», «land», «temple», ethnos, life, humanity, spirituality, beauty, landscape.

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Voinarovsky Anatoly. On industrial property as a factor in development of scientific and technological progress and improvement of physical infrastructure. P. 603-611

Industrial property, being a part of intellectual property is a branch of civil law dealing with protection of inventions, specimens of industrial design, utility models, means of individualization for participants of a social circulation, as well as of wares and services, prevention of unfair competition. These issues form the basis for development and strengthening of a physical infrastructure of society, factor of intensification of scientific and technological progress. International and home normative and legal bases provide quite firm protection for mentioned items. This article contains criteria and procedures of acquiring legal protection of industrial property and financial results of their use.
Keywords: Industrial property, patent law, an invention, a utility model, trade name, industrial prototype, trademark, geographical directions, means of individualization of market wares and services, patent procedure, preliminary examination of the invention, the formal examination, qualifying examination, State Patent.

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Smirski Lukasz. On historical constructivism contextuated by ethnical discourse in Ukraine. P. 612-621

In the article have been considered several aspects of problems connected with historio-political constructivism in Ukraine; attention has been paid to formation of differential rituals of the Ukrainian state after proclamation of independence at 1991. The author especially concentrates his study on views and ideas that had been or still are popular, but functioned as if «in the second level of circulation» of Ukrainian political discourse. Here have belonged whichever Biblical genealogies and historical reconstructions as well as suggestions that the territory of contemporary Ukraine had been a cradle of civilization, historically situated in the centre of the world.
Keywords: Ukraine, cradle of civilization, ploughman, Christianity, Paganism

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Pylypchuk Sviatoslav. Ivan Franko as a researcher in non-fairy folkloristic prose. P. 622-633

The article has presented a complex analytical study of I. Franko’s achievements in scientific conceptualization of non-fairy folkloristic prose genres ( as legends, fables and stories). Different aspects of scholar’s research-works in the mentioned fields have been considered, as definitions, differentiations, origins, developmental tendencies and peculiarities of their occurrence, functional potentialities, means of artistic and expressive expressiveness, principles of recording and publication as well as receptions of those in the context of relative ethnological units. Especial attention has been paid to a number of Franko’s productive ideas that came through, in particular, quite successful checks as for his fundamental principles used by modern folklorists in studies on folk narrative stock.
Keywords: folk non-fairy prose, legend, story, fable, differentiation, definition, apocryphal literature, magic element, historicism.

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Bilyakovskyy Petro. On Christmas-candlemas cycle of weather forecasts in Carpathian ukrainians’ traditional folk calendar. P. 634-642

The article written on the basis of field data, published sources and historiography has brought some results of analytic studies in the long-term means of weather forecast in connection with winter cycle of calendar holidays. The main means of forecasts as well as objects of observation have been described and characterized. The significance of forecasts as for agricultural works has been investigated.
Keywords: Candlemas, Christmas, forecast, calendar, weather.

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Nyemyets Viktor. The stage of scouting in the structure of traditional wedding rite in ethnographic Volhynia: nominations, forms, attributes (second half XIX to early XX cc.). P. 643-648

The paper based upon field ethnographic data and literary sources presents an analysis of nominations, forms and attributes of scouting («vyviduvannya») wedding stage in the territories of ethnographical Volhynia. The results of this investigation are being called to solve the problem of defining the place of wedding ritual of Volhynia in the typological classification of the Ukrainian wedding ritual.
Keywords: scouting («vyviduvannya»), local names, forms, attributes.

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Radovych Roman. Polisia rolled house built in «v nakot»: some constructive variants and ways of development. P. 649-662

The article deals with design features of Polisia houses with combined structures of covering and lift slab. Variations of framed roof and arch-shaped ceiling have been analyzed. An attempt to discover the reasons for origin of the state and to trace the paths along which had been developed separate elements of the roof and ceiling have been presented and exemplified on the ground of Polisia housing.
Keywords: Полесье, жилище, крыша, потолок, «накот».

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Serebryakova Olena. On traditional fortune telling with pegs in the aspect of ritual-magic. P. 663-670

In the study compiled by means of comparative approach to the broad range of ethnographical materials have been analyzed the Ukrainians’ divination practices with pegs. As a result a point had been stated that mantic acts had been connected with matrimonial rites of forthcoming wedding and spousal partner.
Keywords: fortune-telling (divinations), mantic and magic actions, peg, count, cord, fence, prophetic dream, marriage, girlhood.

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Khorunzha Halyna. The impact of national cultural traditions on formation of stylized architectural ornamentations in Eastern Galicia at the second half XVI to early XVII cc. (exemplified by Lviv monuments). P. 671-675

The world practice has attested the claim that cultural and artistic processes have been constantly related with intercultural contacts. Thus, in view of changes in Weltanschauung system and its separate components the art has responded to sharpness of situation by essential entity. That is why constant cultural ties with countries of Central and Western Europe had been developed and became quite regular factor in decorative formation of Eastern Galician architecture of the second half of 16th through the 17th cc.
Keywords: ornament, architecture, cultural contacts, symbolic decoration.

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Taras Victoria. Definitions of garden, park, gardening and park art and landscape architecture concepts. P. 676-683

In the article has been presented strict meaning of terms garden, park, gardening and park art and landscape architecture from explanatory and etymological vocabularies of home and foreign compiling. Especial attention has been paid to the primal source of meaning for those terms, i.e. the Holy Bible. Parallels in world religious doctrines as well as in different world cultures, as the Far East, Europe and Asia have been exposed.
Keywords: garden, park, gardening and park art, landscape architecture, religious adoration, myth, Adonis, Christianity, Eden.

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Triska Oksanas. On compositional peculiarities of traditional folk icon painting on glass planes in Central and Eastern Europe (mono-subject creations). P. 684-697

The article has brought some results of a research-work in compositional principles of traditional folk icon painting on glass planes. In this respect, all mentioned icons have been divided into two groups, viz., those with a cartouche frame, as well as those in which the entire glass surface had been filled. The complexity of an icon’s composition had depended on the number of figures depicted and on the creative intention of the folk artist.
Keywords: icon on glass, cartouche, one-figure composition, multi-figural composition, creative interpretation.

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Vytkalov Serhii. On decorative and applied achievement of Rivne region: Vira Nesteruk (the artistic embroidery). P. 698-702

In the article have been analyzed some measures as for development of decorative and applied art in the land exemplified by creative works by craft-woman V. Nesteruk
Keywords: decorative and applied art, Rivne area, work.

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Reznyk Oksana. On problems of stage designing in Volodymyr Blavatsky’s producing. P. 703-707

The prospects of Ukrainian art of staginess during the first half XX c. have been presented and brought under analytical study in Leonid Borovyk’s and Vladyslav Kleh’s vanguard artworks for theatrical productions by Volodymyr Blavatsky. Symbolism in art of stage design has been considered as a logical evolution phase of staginess art in Modernism.
Keywords: art of staginess, Vladyslav Kleh, Leonid Borovyk, Volodymyr Blavatsky, Symbolism, avant-garde, diaspora.

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Ihnatenko Olha. On the impact of artistic sphere in post-war lviv upon formation of contemporary creativeness by Ivan Samotos, a sculptor. P. 708-718

In the article have been considered some problems concerning an artist’s creative adaptation under conditions of political totalitarianism in the Ukrainian SSR at 1950s to 1980s. The publication is based against reminiscences by Ivan Samotos, known Lviv sculptor, popular artist of Ukraine as well as against archival documents, proceedings of open and closed sessions, resolutions and decisions of party-bureau and party meetings at Lviv institute of applied and decorative art (now Lviv national academy of arts), letters, informative data, reports of governing structures, post-war and contemporary press.
Keywords: sculptor, Ivan Samotos, culture, post-war art, institute, activists of culture.

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Ivanyshyn Natalia. On evolving of formal imaginative language of lviv graphic art during period of modernism. P. 719-724

In the article have been considered some problems in development of graphic art at Lviv in the period of 1900 to the mid-1930s. Attention has been paid to sources of Modernist styling in the Ukrainian art of that time as well as to means of intercultural communication and adapting the most significant universal artificial styles and directions (as Symbolism, Expressionism, Futurism, Constructivism) joint with purely national stylistic ideas (so-called neo-styles, as Neo-Byzantine one, Neo-Baroque, New Primitivism etc.). Some local specific features by Lviv graphic art of mature and late Modernism found in stylistic conglomerate of Art Deco have been underlined.
Keywords: fine art, graphic art, Modernism, Symbolism, Expressionism, Neo-Byzantine style, Art Deco, formal imaginative language, ethnical cultural tradition, print

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Yanoshchak-Pshybyla Oksana. On stove-tiles in stores of Figol family. P. 725-731

The article has presented a review of problems as for the artistic stove tile artifacts produced by famous Western Ukrainian craftsmen, gathered by Mykhailo Figol, eminent art scholar and painter stores and kept by scientist’s family. Under analytic study have been put the contents of the store, some features of personal creative styles have been defined with definitions of principles used in typological division of objects.
Keywords: stove tiles, ceramics, folk craftsman, tradition, Kosiv, Kolomyja, Hutsul land

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Kolomiets Lidiya. On origin and development of multisensory design in XX and XXI cc. P. 732-742

The article has presented some reasons for origination and means in development of multisensory design during XX and XXI cc. Author has paid especial attention to elaborations and experiments of leading contemporary design schools and exposes some theoretical and practical aspects of multisensory design with analyses in functional application of that within various types of sensuous/emotional influence (e.g. in emotional branding, relaxation, work, psychotherapy, medical cure) often appearing in present-day interior design.
Keywords: multisensory design, Bauhaus, futurism, branding, psychotherapy, sensory room, spa.

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Taras Yaroslav. On wooden gates and fences in Moldova in architectural and decorative aspects. P. 743-757

In the article written on the ground of field materials have been considered some examples of wooden gates and fences. In the study has been claimed that after architectural and constructive design there had been four types of gates; each one has been accompanied with its characteristics. Findings have been made that proportions and artistic features of gates have been influenced by environmental conditions and by a landlord’s economical status as well as functional predestination; quite significant decorative part has been played by the upper part of folds and wickets. In the past every region had its own architectural decorative motif formed on the ground of geometrical, floral or anthropomorphic ornaments differentiated by inlaid details. In details have been reviewed decorations in the upper part of gates, sheds fronts and ridges. Classification of pillars after architectural decorative finishing has been presented with the finding that the mentioned finishing had dependent on artistic design of folds and sheds.
Keywords: gate, wicket, fence, décor.

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Nadopta Andriana. The role of nongovernmental scientific organizations and church in the creation and establishment of the ukrainian ethnographic museum activities in Galychyna at the end of 19th~century — 30s of 20th~century. P. 758-774

In the present article, the author has analyzed tremendous efforts of the public in Galychyna to preserve memorials of Ukrainian culture. The Scientific Association of T.~Shevchenko, associations «Prosvita», «Ridna Shkola» («Native School»), churchmen, as well as regional museum associations of Galychyna made an outstanding contribution in this respect. An attempt has been made to address their role and significance in establishment of Ukrainian ethnographic museum activities of Galychyna in the studied period.
Keywords: Scientific association, museum association, museum, ethnographic collection.

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Editors. The heritage of Ukrainian Art Scholarship An attempt of systematization. P. 775-775
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Our authors
Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
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On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
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On bessarabian and moldavian ukrainians in the studies of historical ethnography
The article has thrown some light upon a sum of scientific findings got during XIX to XXI cc. in historio-ethnographic studies of Bessarabia and Moldavian Ukrainians. In the pre­sent paper has been given author’s answer to the problem of lacking progress as for the numerous themes concerning Ukrainians. State and achievements of the research-works in Ukrainians’ material and spiritual culture by the scientists of Moldavia and Ukraine through the years of independence has been exposed.
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Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
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