2011 year, issue 6

2011-6

Pavluk Stepan. On traditional grain growing in the context of Savs’ cultural uprising. P. 907-909

In the article has been affirmed a point that yet in time of primal consolidation by bearers of Slav culture a grain growing had played quite significant role in Proto-Slavs’ economical life. Confrontation of traditional grain-farm ritualism by Slav nations has been used to illustrate numerous similar phenomena leading us to springs of Slavdom and ethnocultural historical community.
Keywords: traditional grain growing, character of housekeeping, ethnocultural massives, community of Slav culture.

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Sokil Vasyl. On scientific and popular terminology of Famine disasters in Ukraine: a raise of a problem. P. 910-916

In the article have been examined some terminological problems related to Famine catastrophes in Ukraine. Light has been thrown upon functional blocks of socio-political (hunger, famine, holocaust, genocide) as well as folkloristic (narrative, story, legend, memorat, fabulat) character. The author’s po¬sition in these controversial issues is expressed.
Keywords: hunger, famine, holocaust, genocide, narrative, story, retelling, memorat, fabulat.

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Chopovsky Vasyl. «Oh brother, are you listening…» (in 120th anniversary of Ukrainian settlement in Canada). P. 917-932

The article has brought a narration on life and creative activities by Canadian Ukrainians since the time of their settlement in the late XIX c. The author has paid especial attention upon revitalizing of national traditions and native language as well as of spiritual historio-cultural heritage of Ukraine by Ukrainian citizens of Canada.
Keywords: Canada, Galicia, Ukrainian emigration, Galicians, settlements, M. Pylypiv, V. Ilyniak, Yar Slavutych.

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Bosa Olha. On traditional homestead experience by re-settlers from San Basin, Lemko land, Chelm region and Pidlissia area: to historiography of a problem. P. 933-940

The article brings review of source materials and studies concerned of traditional economic activities by Ukrainian population re-settled from San Basin, Lemko land, Chelm region and Pidlissia area as well as some peculiarities of transformations in the ways of living and adaptation under new socio-cultural conditions. Analyses in scientific publications enables us to state that in Ukrainian ethnological literature quite sufficient attention had been paid to the studies of traditional activities only, while rather wide range of problems connected with structural changes in different branches of farming of the Ukrainians deported from San Basin, Lemko land, Chelm region and Padlissia area still remains in need of substantial research-works.
Keywords: San Basin, Chelm region, Pidlissia area, Lemko land, economic activity, principal and auxiliary types of activities, traditional culture.

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Horbal Maria. On some subjects of Lemko Christmas legends and tales in the processes of interethnical mutual penetration. P. 941-946

In the article have been analyzed some Christmas subjects of legends and tales spread in the Lemko region, viz. themes of animal epics, those of vegetative growth and miracles of Nativity night with variations of ones in Boikos, Lemkos, in the whole Galicia, as well as in Moldovans and Slovaks. As a result author claims that the interpenetration of those subjects had taken place especially between the nations that had no their statehood (as Ukrainians and Slovaks, for example); while cultural cooperation of ruling and suppressed nations had been rare or not any at all.
Keywords: Christmas legends and tales, animal epics, vegetative themes, miracles of Nativity night, cultural interconnection

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Chmelyk Roman. On establishing of Soviet-Polish frontier in Ukraine as a process (1939—1951) and its reflection by memory of local population. P. 947-952

In the article have been touched some questions connected with establishing of Soviet-Polish frontier during the World War II and after its end. Especial attention has been paid to specific methodology in the studies of borderland inhabitants’ reminiscences. On the ground of field materials an analytical research has been performed as for local dwellers’ mental reflections upon the events related with processes and mechanisms involved in formation and functioning of state frontiers at 1939 to 1951.
Keywords: frontier, borderland inhabitants, individual historical memory.

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Vovchak Andrii. On contemporary trends in development of ukrainian folk means of transportation: «dyga» phenomenon. After materials of expeditions to Western Boiko land (Turka region of Lviv oblast, 2008 and 2009). P. 953-971

In the article has been considered quite interesting phenomenon of folk technical thought and homestead industrial activities by rural inhabitants of Western Boiko land at the second half of XX and early bXXI cc., viz. construction of self-moving vehicle of a type called «dygas» along the mentioned territory. As for technical characteristics the especial attention has been paid to some typical solvings, decisions and reasons in homemade machines constructing and complementation of ones with serially produced engines and mechanisms. The survey also deals with the problem of time and reasons for appearance of self-moving homemade vehicles in this territory. An attempt to discover the inventors of «dyga» has also been made. The evolving in various types of homemade machines, peculiarities of their production and tendencies in contemporary progress of the phenomenon have been put under analysis.
Keywords: folk technical thought, popular transport, homemade self-moving vehicle, «dyga», folk craftsman, Western Boiko land, craftsman Roman Motychak.

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Fedyna Oksana. On ukrainian traditional folk clothes in Kateryna Mateyko’s research-works. P. 972-981

The article presents an analytic study on creative heritage left by Kateryna Mateyko, contemporary Ukrainian ethnographer, art scholar and researcher in Ukrainians’ traditional folk clothes. The scientist’s life work is still worthy phenomenon to be kept as well as successful framework for further research approaches to artistic values of Ukrainian traditional folk dresses. Definitions of clothing and costume in present-day art scholarship have been given with analyses of image-styled and compositional features of country- and townspeople’s clothes in Eastern Galicia at the late XIX c.
Keywords: clothes, dressing, styled ensemble, costume.

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Kharchuk Khrystyna. «New» Jewish cemetery in Lviv (middle XIX to XX cc.). P. 982-985

In the article has been presented a problem of historical burial-place at Lviv, i.e. so-called «New» Jewish cemetery (in the territory of Janivske graveyard), dated by mid-19th to 20th cc. as an object of historical, memorial and cultural heritage of Western Ukraine.
Keywords: Jewish kirkut, cemetery, memorial and cultural heritage, monument.

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Otkovych Taras. On iconographic program and iconographic origin of subjects in Bohorodchansky iconostasis of 1698–1705 by hieromonk Hiob Kondzelevych at the Skyt Maniavsky Monastery. P. 986-1005

In the article have been considered some problems in iconography and iconographic origin of subjects in iconostasis by hieromonk Hiob Kondzelevych at the church of Exaltation of Holy Cross, Skyt Maniavsky Monastery. Iconographic contents and plot structures of Skyt Maniavsky monastic iconostasis have been presented and studied with thorough analysis in their features.
Keywords: iconostasis of the Church of Exaltation of the Cross, Skyt Maniavsky, Bohorodchany iconostasis, Hiob Kondzelevych, iconography, apocryphal texts, biblical texts.

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Simferovska Anastasiya. On human and art: some particular looks upon a problems of interpretation. P. 999-1006

The author of this article has intended to present an outline of main problems in interpretation of creative works considered through the prism of partticular philosophical, historical and aesthetical approaches. Owing to definition and application of main art-critical and interpretative conceptions there has been disclosed a problem field of subjectivism in understanding and treating of artistic creativeness along process of changes the epochs and generations. The role of emotiveness in artist’s creativity and the role re-acted by it critical analysis of artifact and what is its part in the critical analysis of works of art. Differences in apprehension of the reality by means of nature and by art.
Keywords: humane, art, feeling, spirit, artist, interpretation, cognition.

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Ivanyshyn Natalia. On historical dynamics in development of Lviv graphical art: to a problem of formation of imaginative system. P. 1007-1011

In the article has been considered a problem as for formation and development of graphical art at Lviv. The earliest of hand-written artifacts from the territories of Galicia-Volhynian Principality that are known to scientists have been considered in the context Old Ruthenian art directly influenced by Christian Byzantine culture. General stages of historical dynamics in development of graphical art at Lviv have been traced up to the dawn of XIX c. when under the impact of different cultural and civilizing factors the system of graphical art as a kind of Fine Artistry had got quite significant chan¬ges and enrichments with new specializations. Against the wide factual background has been disclosed some local specific meanings in the notion of tradition according to centuries-long history of Lviv graphical art.
Keywords: fine art, graphical art, genre of graphical work, historical dynamics, development of art, tradition, handwritten artifact, graphical element, heading

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Moskaliuk Marta. On cultural and artistic milieu of Lviv at the late XX c: some organizational features and theoretical bases. P. 1012-1018

In the article have been comprehensively studied main characteristic peculiarities of Lviv cultural and artistic society of the late twentieth century. Particularly, in the research-work have been presented some local features in organization of artistic life as well as analytic review of key events, exhibitions and actions that had taken place in Lviv at the end of the twentieth century and to certain extent influenced upon general tendencies in development of artistic processes in the region.
Keywords: cultural and artistic milieu, the organization of artistic life, tendencies in development

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Yefimova Anna. On contemporary creative practices of public art trends: some issues of terminology. P. 1019-1024

The article presents quite comprehensive research-work in specificity of «public art» term with analysis of modern conceptions as for its classification and interpretation. In addition a problem of translation and usage for definition of «public art» in Ukrainian sources has been brought forward as well as analytic study in variants of its adaptation for terminological needs of Ukrainian art scholarship.
Keywords: term, concept, public art, classification, adaptation, terminology.

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Fur Roksolana. Lviv international symposia of blown glass: literature and sources. P. 1025-1030

The article has been aimed at a brief analysis of publications and material sources indispensable for throwing some light upon the topic of Lviv international blown glass symposia. To disclose the theme all known source and the literary data have been conventionally divided into two complementary parts — publications concerned with historical predispositions as for formation and development of artistic glass in Ukraine and abroad, and publications and sources related with management and marketing practices in cultural sphere.
Keywords: analysis of literature and sources, the symposium of blown glass, artistic glass.

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Pshenychny Dmytro. On Oleh Minko’s artistic weaving. P. 1031-1039

In this publication have been considered some phenomena of artistic weaving by Oleh Minko, eminent and widely-known creative artist of Ukraine. Especial attention has been paid to monumental typestries and curtains, thematic textile panels, woven souvenir objects, clothing cloths, that among other artist’s creations remain less studied as for now. Those have been decorated with stylized Ukrainian geometrical ornaments and possessed quite refined colouring as well as faced factures, i.e. as artifacts truly characterize the artist’s individuality. Some thematic works re-create to a certain extent an ideological symbolism of past decades. The artistic qualities and features of creator’s works have been put to thorough analytical study; the light has been thrown upon interconnections of his artistic weaving and paintings.
Keywords: monumental tapestry, curtains, textile thematic panels, woven souvenir items, folk traditions of weaving, pattern, color, texture, interior.

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Zubko Lilia. Bohdan Sojka and the way of artist’s creative growth. P. 1040-1045

In the article have been analyzed some manifestations of creative manner by Lviv artist Bohdan environments and his social milieu have greatly influenced his creative priorities, produced author’s own distinctive aesthetics of graphic artistry and pictorial works, laid the foundation of professionalism in contemporary fine arts.
Keywords: Painter, graphic, picture, portrait, landscape painting.

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Editorial. Board In Memory of our Colleague. P. 1046-1047
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Radovych Roman. Travels after Mermaids (Remembering Kornelii Kutelmakh). P. 1048-1050
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Hlushko Mykhailo, Hilevych Ihor. Kornelii Kutelmakh as a researcher in Polissia inhabitants’ calendar household ritualism. P. 1051-1055

The article has thrown some light upon the role played by Kornelii Kutelmakh, one of known Ukrainian ethnologist, during post-Chornobyl joint historio-ethnographical expeditions in Polissia region of Ukraine as well as his main achievements in research-works in calendar ritualism of Polissian inhabitants.
Keywords: Kornelii Kutelmakh, Polissia of Ukraine, calendary ritualism by Polissia inhabitants.

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Hlushko Mykhailo. From ethnographer Kornelii Kutelmakh’s scientific expeditional heritage. P. 1056-1059
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Mozdyr Mykola. In such a manner I remember him. P. 1060-1061
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Dyakiv Volodymyr. ‘Hala’ carols from paternal village. P. 1062-1064
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Kurylak Stepan. Turyan ‘halas’: ‘Hayivka’ carols from the village of Turye, Busk region near Lviv. P. 1065-1071
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Ivannykova Ludmyla. Fundamental monographic research-work on folklore of XX c. P. 1072-1075
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Our authors
Daily bread baking of ukrainians in the south-western ethnographical region at the late XIX to early XXI cc.
The paper has dealt with analytic study in prescriptions, signs, customs, methods, ways of selection, procurement and some peculiarities in usage of subsidiary means — water, firewood and leaves in bread baking. The final aim of the mentioned actions had been (and still is) selection of the means and ingredients fit, by their characteristics, for the backing of bread. The paper has demonstrated dependence of bread backing subsi­diary means criteria from the folk nutritional standards and world outlook stereotypes as well as from regional social and economic, natural and geographical factors and peculiarities of material culture.
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On field exploration of russian and belarusian ethnologists and etnolinguists in Ukrainian Polisia 1945—1980s
In the study based on a wide range of literary materials have been comprehensively characterised field research in Polisia of Ukraine, performed by Russian and Belarusian ethnologists during 1945—1980s as well as Moscow ethnolinguists and other researchers from ethnologic centres of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus in the course of realization of Ethnolinguistic Atlas of Polisia program. Particular attention has been paid to geography, methods, themes and research results of scientific projects.
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Boikos’ pandemonium: categories of evil deceased
In the article have been presented some research-work on peculiarities of Boikos’ traditional demonological notions as for so-called evil deceased; on the basis of field records and ethnological literary sources quite a number of scum categories have been defined as well as essential habits, modes of behavior and functions of these personages of people’s demonology.
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Traditional folk clothes of velikobychkovsky hutsuly of XIX — the first half of XX century
In the study based upon numerous field materials, literature sources as well as ethnographic, historio-cultural and regional museum collections has been performed complex analysis in traditional folk clothes by Hutzul population of Velyky Bychkiv village in Transcarpathian region. Detailed descriptions of femi­nine and masculine clothing complexes of the mentioned area have been presented. In characterizing of those main attention has been paid to the detail of cut in separate components of dress; cut of feminine shirt has been added as an illustration.
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